On the development and discard of modern design an

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On the development and discard of modern design and decoration (Part I)

from the birth of human art, we have never left the term "decoration". The origin of human art has an inseparable relationship with primitive decoration. Wolfling, a famous scholar of art history, believes that "art history is mainly a history of decoration". Decoration in 1. Estimating the maximum tensile force according to the shape and size of the sample and the expected tensile strength of the material. The primitive society is the aesthetic core of the art created by people. Various painted pottery patterns have become specimens of various decorative and formal beauty

decoration is a meaningful form. It is not only an aesthetic form, but also has a deeper meaning. It contains specific social feelings and cultural awareness. It does not remind you to refer to the following requirements, principles and methods for the ordinary protection and maintenance of cold and hot impact testing machines. It is only "decorative" and brings people aesthetic pleasure from the aspects of order, lines, forms and colors. It is "cultural" and meets people's deeper needs from the aspects of culture, ideal, symbol and history. Wallinger said in "abstraction and empathy" that the essential feature of decorative art is that the artistic will of a nation has been the most pure expression in decorative art Decorative art must constitute the starting point and foundation of all aesthetic studies on art. ⑴ decoration also has very important research significance for modern design. From the perspective of decoration, we can clearly see the development of modern design

Gombrich wrote such a sentence in the preface of the second edition of his book sense of order: "to be bold, my purpose is to explain. The 'psychological research on decorative art' announced in the subtitle of this book is to establish and test the theory declared in the main title: there is a sense of order, which is reflected in all design styles, and I believe its root is in human 'biological heredity'.". ⑵ modern design is the product of industrialized civilization. Modern design is an art activity that provides services for modern people, modern economy and modern society. In the process of modernist design movement, there are some important design movements, which are related to the sublation of decoration every time. Either use decoration or abandon decoration. It is strictly forbidden for hard objects to collide with the lifting screw. To a large extent, it is a new development of modern design around decoration

I. The use of decoration in the early stage of modern design

(1) "novice arts and Crafts Movement" and decoration

from the industrial revolution in the 18th century to the late 19th century, industrial technology changed people's way of life, and product design developed in this change and confusion. People have a strong nostalgia for the form and style of the old products in terms of living habits and psychology, which is reflected in the decorative characteristics of the design and the emphasis on the traditional decorative taste. The contradiction between decoration and mechanical production is inevitable. Many designers are unwilling to participate in the design of industrial products, while most industrial products unilaterally pursue standardization and mass production, but ignore the factors of decorative beauty and formal beauty. The shape is rough and ugly, and the aesthetic taste and style of the products are not high

In 1851, at the world industrial exposition held in Hyde Park, London, England, some contradictions were intensively exposed. Most of the exhibits are industrial products with rough appearance. Many products are decorated with some nondescript patterns to make up for their formal ugliness. But it turned out to be even worse. Therefore, a group of people of insight led by John Ruskin and William Morris carried out a design style reform movement called "novice arts and Crafts Movement", advocating that artists enter life, combine art and technology, and create works understood and accepted by the public. It opposes the style of Victorian affectation, advocates simple decoration in the middle ages, absorbs Japanese decoration, draws materials from nature, and creates a new design style, which is a valuable exploration. Its influence spread over many countries in Europe, making the "Art Nouveau Movement" flourish in Europe. In this sense, the "novice arts and Crafts Movement" opposed affectation with new decoration, advocated exquisite and reasonable design, and preserved handicrafts, which had an important impact on the formation of modern design ideas

(2) "Art Nouveau Movement" and decoration

inspired by the "novice arts and Crafts Movement" in Britain, at the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century, a large-scale and influential "Art Nouveau Movement" was produced and developed in Europe and the United States, specifically reflected in architecture, furniture, industrial products, clothing, jewelry, book illustrations, etc., and even a new design style and artistic appearance appeared in pure art fields such as sculpture and painting. It involved more than a dozen countries and regions such as France, the Netherlands, Belgium, Spain and the United States. It was not until around 1910 that it was gradually replaced by the "decorative art movement" and the "modernist movement". This movement opposed mannerism, advocated returning to nature, greatly developed the use of plant and animal patterns in pattern design, and created an aesthetic decorative style

samuelbin, a French furniture designer, opened a studio and design office called "Art Nouveau" in 1895, advocating that designers create new styles. In 1900, they exhibited the furniture works of "Art Nouveau" and achieved great success. The name of "Art Nouveau" spread from then on. The works on display have a strong naturalistic tendency to imitate plant forms and structures. This is consistent with samuelbin's slogan "go back to nature". The Art Nouveau movement created a very special decorative style. "From Henri van der Velde's interior, to the design of the Paris subway entrance in quimard, from Anthony gautti's buildings to muka's large posters, they all present an unprecedented non historical exploration power of new decorative styles." ⑶ this design movement used decorative and naturalistic styles to combine art and handicrafts with product design, creating a typical design style at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries and becoming the prelude to the coming era of modernism

(3) "decorative art" movement and decoration

"decorative art" movement is a design movement launched in France, Britain, the United States and other countries in the 1920s-1930s. It almost happens at the same time with the European modernist movement and has certain influence on each other

as modernization and industrialization have gradually changed people's way of life, artists are also trying to find a new kind of decoration to make the product form conform to the characteristics of modern life. In 1925, a large-scale exhibition "decorative art exhibition" was held in Paris. The exhibition showed people the architectural and decorative styles after the "Art Nouveau" movement. It was a reaction to the "Art Nouveau" movement in thought and form. It opposed classicism, naturalism and pure handicrafts, and advocated the beauty of machinery. From the development of modern design, it has a positive significance of the times. The "decorative art" movement is not a simple style movement, but also a traditional design movement to a large extent. That is, to replace the old decoration with new decoration, its main contribution is to show the modern content in modeling and color, showing the characteristics of the times

whether it is the "novice arts and crafts" movement, "new art" movement or "decorative art" movement, they all start from decoration to develop new, reasonable and perfect design styles, thus expanding the artistic value of "decoration". The affirmation and development of decoration directly form the driving force of modern design reform

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